Home Page
Link to Seattle Department of Neighborhoods home page

Seattle Historical Sites

New Search

Summary for 1605 17th AVE / Parcel ID 7234600500 / Inv # CH001

Historic Name: Caroline Kline Galland House Common Name: Seattle Mental Health Institute
Style: Colonial - Georgian Revival Neighborhood: Capitol Hill
Built By: Max Umbrecht Max Umbrecht Year Built: 1903
In the opinion of the survey, this property appears to meet the criteria of the National Register of Historic Places.
In the opinion of the survey, this property appears to meet the criteria of the Seattle Landmarks Preservation Ordinance.
This is one of south Capitol Hill's most significant homes, both architecturally and historically. It is located in an area where most of the homes similar in scale and design have been demolished, leaving it as the only reminder of the neighborhood's former character. It was built in 1903 for Caroline Rosenberg Kline Galland, a noted Jewish philanthropist. A native of Bavaria, Caroline Rosenberg was first married to Louis Kline, owner of a Seattle clothing firm. He died in 1892, and she soon married Bonham Galland, a retired San Francisco merchant. In 1903, she commissioned architect Max Umbrecht to design this home, where she lived until her death in 1907. She was one of Seattle's wealthiest women, primarily due to property she owned in the central business district. She left her estate of $1.5 million to numerous charities, including the Caroline Kline Galland Home for the Aged and Feeble Poor, which still operates in Seward Park. The architect, Max Umbrecht, was born in Syracuse, New York in 1872, and learned architecture as an apprentice in New York City. His work showed a preference for formal detail and proportion, with the use of large windows to provide natural lighting. Umbrecht came to Seattle about 1900, beginning with commercial work but later focusing on the design of private residences. One of the these is the John W. Clise House, at Marymoor Park in Redmond. From 1908 to 1911 he was in partnership with A. Walter Spalding. He returned to Syracuse in 1922 and died in 1955. In the 1940s the house became Washington Memorial Hospital and, in the 1960s, a psychiatric hospital, the Charles Segal Hospital. In the 1970s it was the headquarters of Seattle Mental Health Institute, a pioneering community mental health center. After they erected a new building nearby in the late1970s, this became the offices of the Northwest Arts Federation. It has had a variety of private uses since that time. The building was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
This two and one-half story Georgian Revival house, measuring 60 by 65 feet, has clapboard siding and foundation walls of local stone. The hipped roof, with deep boxed eaves and flat brackets, covers two-story porches on each side elevation. The eaves terminate in boxed modillioned cornices above a molded frieze. The north and south porticoes have colossal Ionic columns with balconies enclosed by wrought iron railings.The main entrance is sheltered by a one-story gabled Doric portico, with a dentilled tympanum pierced by a semi-elliptical arch. An iron-balustraded balcony is above the pediment. Three dormers on the front have Classical detailing, with a broken pediment with volutes in the center and triangular pediments on the two flanking dormers. A small wood porch at the northeast corner is supported by a very large decorative bracket. Windows are chiefly large one-over-one double-hung sash, with cornice headings on the first floor. The surround for the single full light door has pilasters and a fanlight. A semihexagonal bay with leaded glass sidelights projects from the south wall into the porch. An arbor on the east side of the lot leads to an access ramp toward the rear. There is a secondary entry near the rear of the south elevation and a basement entry on the west side; several inconspicuous basement windows have aluminum sash. After years of institutional use, the interior has been considerably altered. However, some details remain, notably classical fireplace mantelpieces, a window seat on the stairway, and a variety of columns, moldings and wainscoting.

Detail for 1605 17th AVE / Parcel ID 7234600500 / Inv # CH001

Status: Yes - Inventory
Classication: Building District Status: INV
Cladding(s): Wood - Clapboard Foundation(s): Stone
Roof Type(s): Hip Roof Material(s): Asphalt/Composition
Building Type: Domestic - Single Family Plan: Rectangular
Structural System: Balloon Frame/Platform Frame No. of Stories: two & ½
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture, Health/Medicine, Other
Changes to Plan: Intact
Changes to Windows: Slight
Changes to Original Cladding: Intact
Major Bibliographic References
King County Property Record Card (c. 1938-1972), Washington State Archives.
Polk's Seattle Directories, 1890-1996.
Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, ed. Shaping Seattle Architecture, A Historical Guide to the Architects. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.
Maddox, Dawn, National Register Nomination Form, Caroline Kline Galland House, 1979.
Swope, Caroline T. Classic Houses of Seattle: High Style to Vernacular 1870-1950. Portland OR: Timber Press, 1905.

Photo collection for 1605 17th AVE / Parcel ID 7234600500 / Inv # CH001

Photo taken Aug 29, 2001

Photo taken Aug 29, 2001
App v2.0.1.0